Tidskrift: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Volym: 17
Sidor: 1131-1145

Abstrakt: (på engelska)

Paralogous sequences of the RPB2 gene are demonstrated in the angiosperm order Gentianales. Two different copies were found by using different PCR primer pairs targeting a region that corresponds to exons 22–24 in the Arabidopsis RPB2 gene. One of the copies (RPB2-d) lacks introns in this region, whereas the other has introns at locations corresponding to those of green plants previously investigated. When analyzed with other available RPB2 sequences from this region, all 28 RPB2-d sequences obtained from the Gentianales and the four sequences from the Lamiales form a monophyletic group, together with a previously published tomato cDNA sequence. The substitution patterns, relative rates of change, and nucleotide compositions of the two paralogous RPB2 exon regions are similar, and none of them shows any signs of being a pseudogene. Although multiple copies of similar, paralogous sequences can confound phylogenetic interpretations, the lack of introns in RPB2-d make a priori homology assessment easy.
The phylogenetic utility of RPB2-d within the Gentianales is evaluated in comparison with the chloroplast genes ndhF and rbcL. The hierarchical information in the RPB2-d region sequenced is more incongruent with that of the plastid genes than the plastid genes are with each other as determined by incongruence length difference tests. In contrast to the plastid genes, parsimony-informative third codon positions of RPB2 have a significantly higher rate of change than first and second positions. Topologically, the trees from the three genes are similar, and the differences are usually only weakly supported. In terms of support, RPB2 gives the highest jackknife support per sequenced nucleotide, whereas ndhF gives the highest Bremer support per sequenced nucleotide. The RPB2-d locus has the potential to be a valuable nuclear marker for determination of phylogenetic relationships within the euasterid I group of plants.