Aloearter i Sydafrikarummet
 
 
Most of the Cape Floristic Region is covered by a shrubland known as fynbos. It is similar to the flora of the Mediterranean, with shrubs that have small and hard leaves adapted to withstand the warm and dry summer period. Plants such as proteas, restios, geraniums and members of the heath family are common here.

 
Levande stenar Foto: Rakel Norberg
Photo: Rakel Norberg
 
To the northeast stretches a semi-desert region named Karoo. This extremely dry area has a flora with many species capable of storing water in the leaves or stems, known as succulent plants. Among the succulent plants found in the South African room are spurges, aloes and living stones (Lithops).